Sunday, December 20, 2009
Enheduana (2285 - 2250 B.C.)
My father, King Sargon of Akka began the tradition of appointing only the daughters of kings to the post of En of Nanna. For 500 years afterwards, En Priestesses were so named, just as I was.
Lugal-Ane, a rebellious Sumerian King, temporarily dislodged me from my position, in an attempt to show my imperial appointment to be locally unacceptable.
I wrote a hymn called Nin-me-sara to the goddess Inanna. The Sumerian people believed that I had written it so effectively that my prayers to Inanna were answered with 9 victories thus quelling 9 battles between the Sumerians and the Akkadians. These victories allowed my nephew, Naram Sin, who was then king, to successfully unite Sumer and Akkad for several years. After this historic coup, I was restored to my post as En of Nanna in Ur.
Nin-me-sara was revered as a sacred document and 500 years after my death, during the Babylonian era, it was used as a text copied by students learning to be scribes. Over 100 clay tablet copies of the hymn were used to create my translation of nin-me-sara thus pointing out how popular the hymn was. Few Mesopotamian literary texts have boasted as many copies.
I originally wrote it on an alabaster disk and called myself the"zirru of Nanna," a mysterious term which means the embodiment of the Goddess Ningal, the wife of the moon God Nanna.
Historians have noted that my work displays the concept of a personal relationship with the divine, to wit:
I am yours! It will always be so!
May your heart cool off for me
May your understanding... compassion…
I have experienced your great punishment
My Lady, I will proclaim your greatness in all lands and your glory!
Your ‘way’ and great deeds I will always praise!
In addition, she is the first author to write in the first person. Scribes wrote about the King and the divine, but never about themselves prior to En-hedu-Ana.
I also became famous as the author of several Sumerian hymns. I am considered the earliest author known by name. The hymns I wrote to Inanna celebrate my individual relationship with Inanna, thereby setting down the earliest surviving verbal account of an individual's consciousness of her inner life.
Most Viewed Posts
Romeo and Juliet is an enduring tragic love story written by William Shakespeare about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ult...
One of the saddest loves tories is that of Lancelot and Guinevere. One of the greatest knights of the roundtable of King Arthur was L...
Amina of Zaria (1533 - 1633?) Queen Warrior Amina was born around 1533 in Zaria, a province of today’s Nigeria. She was the daughter of B...
Today, June 18 th , 2012 would have been the 111 th birthday of one of the most fascinating women of recent history – Anastasia Romanov....
Maria Anna Mozart (30 July 1751 – 29 October 1829) Musician Maria Anna Mozart, beloved nicknamed Nannerl, was the elder and only sister o...
Hair adornments in medieval times Accessories used to Stylize Hair during Medieval Period During medieval times it was difficult...
In The Godfather, Part I, the character Pete Clemenza orders the other guy in the car after a murder has been carried out to leave the gun a...
The love story of Abelard and Heliose has endured as one of the famous and popular love stories of all times. It is the tale of a French p...
Women Wearing Pants Author gholea In the Western world, Historically, in that part of the world, women have worn dresses and ...